The CCAA also promotes the adoption of children with special needs, since foreign couples generally look after such children very well. Applicants who comply with all the requirements are given preference over those who have non-compliance with some of the rules.
Adoption of a Chinese baby is only available to straight married couples. The minimum length of the union is two years. If either or both the prospective parents have been divorced from a prior marriage, the length of the union is five years minimum. Both husband and wife need to be between the ages of 30 and 50. If they want to adopt a special needs child, both need to be between 30 and 55.
Both partners need to be physically and mentally healthy. The following are a list of conditions that neither spouse may suffer from if applying for adoption:
Infectious disease within infectious stage
Binocular blindness, binocular parallax, monocular blindness and with no ocular prosthesis
Binaural hearing loss or loss of speech function; adoptive couples wishing to adopt a special needs child with the same problems are exempt from this regulation
Applicants should not be maimed, crippled or suffer from facial disfigurement or major physical deformation
Suffering from long-term diseases or conditions that could limit life expectancy
People who have donated major organs within the last 10 years
People who are on strong prescribed medication for conditions like depression, or people who have had to be on medication within two years of applying for adoption
People who are morbidly obese (BMI 40 and over)
The adoptive family needs to have at least one parent earning a steady income and net assets of at least eighty thousand US dollars. There should be less than five children under the age of 18 in the family, the youngest being over the age of one year. These conditions do not apply when a special needs child is being adopted.
A high school diploma is the minimum acceptable level of education for both the husband and wife.
Both husband and wife must have no criminal record, be law abiding and be of good character.
Neither parent may have a history of committing violence or sexual abuse. There should be no history of drug or alcohol abuse in the past 10 years.
Criminal cases or infractions in the past must be minor in nature and outcome and there may only be three such incidents. Applicants must have a clean driving record, with no more than five minor traffic offences.
Applicants for adoption need to fully understand the regulations and laws. They must know all the procedures involved in inter-country adoption and be prepared for delays and possible problems and issues that may arise.
Applicants must be prepared to comply with all requirements and post-placement inspections.
The age of the applicants that is relevant for the rest of the adoption process, is the age that is entered on the initial request form on the date of the application.