Although not too common, a toddler can get psoriasis, a skin condition that appears as red, raised lesions that become flaky.
There are two types of psoriasis that are most common; Plague Psoriasis and Guttate Psoriasis.
Among all the population, plaque psoriasis is the more common of the two. The rash can appear anywhere on the body but will usually begin on the elbows, knees, scalp, or lower back.
Among children, guttate psoriasis is more common and presents smaller lesions that will usually be on the trunk or arms and legs.
A toddler is unlikely to have a true case of psoriasis and will more commonly have seborrheic dermatitis that appears as a diaper rash or a scalp rash (also known as cradle cap). Other possibilities are eczema or ringworm. If you are unsure, see your doctor for a diagnosis.
Experts do not know the exact cause of psoriasis. They do know that a person’s skin should grow and shed every 28 to 30 days on average. In a child who has psoriasis, this cycle occurs every 3 or 4 days causing a build up of dead cells. The redness during the rash is caused from extra blood being sent to the area in attempt to heal. It’s believed that there is a genetic link to this type of psoriasis.
Guttate psoriasis in children however, can be triggered by a cold, flu, or even from strep throat.
There are many treatments available for psoriasis. Your doctor will make suggestions based on the severity and location of the psoriasis. In more severe cases, light therapy has been known to help. Also, if there is infection, a round of antibiotics is in order.