A: Raw meat may contain bacteria such as Salmonella or Campylobacter, which can make you and your family very ill indeed. Adequate cooking kills these bacteria. Cooking a turkey, chicken or goose can be risky if it isn’t done properly. The bird is fully cooked when there is no pink meat left, the juices run clear when the thickest part of the thigh and breast are pierced with a clean fork or skewer and the meat is piping hot all the way through. If you have stuffed your bird, ensure the centre of the stuffing is also piping hot as this is the slowest part to cook in a stuffed turkey. The temperature and time settings you should use for cooking are dependent on your oven, so consult the manufacturer’s guidelines.
A. Use our turkey cooking time calculator and follow our cooking advice to determine the length of time required to cook a safe and delicious turkey in an electric fan assisted oven.
|Weight of turkey||Cooking time|
|3.5-5.5kg||3 hours- 4 hours 20 minutes|
|5.5-6.5kg||4 hours 20 minutes – 5 hours|
|6.5-8kg||5 hours - 6 hours 20 minutes|
|8-9kg||6 hours 20 minutes – 7 hours|
|9-11kg||7 hours – 8 hours 20 minutes|
A: The cooking advice on our online calculator and SMS service is based on cooking your turkey in an electric fan assisted oven only. It is essential that you carefully follow these cooking times and directions to ensure a safe and delicious turkey. This is because our research showed that electric fan assisted ovens are typically more efficient at cooking turkeys than other types of oven, such as gas ovens. This has allowed safe cooking conditions for stuffed turkeys to be defined. Using these cooking times with other types of ovens (e.g. gas ovens, conventional ovens) may not result in your turkey being fully cooked. If you do not have a fan assisted oven then we recommend that you do not stuff your turkey. With these other ovens, the safest way to cook your stuffing is on a roasting dish or tray separate from the turkey. Our research showed that stuffed turkeys cook differently in other types of ovens and may not be fully cooked and safe if cooking advice for fan assisted ovens is used.
A: Stuffing a turkey can significantly increase the cooking time. A stuffed 6.5kg turkey will take one hour longer to cook in an electric fan assisted oven then an unstuffed turkey of the same weight. Note: see the above question for an explanation as to why we only recommend cooking a stuffed turkey in an electric fan assisted oven.
A: For turkey that has been boned and rolled, you should follow the instructions on the label for those joints that are pre-packed.
A: Other birds, such as goose and duck, need different cooking times to those of turkey. The oven should always be hotter for duck and goose to melt the fat under the skin. They also need regular basting. In an oven at 220oC/425oF/Gas Mark 7, goose should be cooked for 35 minutes per kg, once the oven has preheated. Duck should be cooked for 45 minutes per kg at 200oC/400oF/Gas Mark 6. These times are based on cooking an unstuffed bird in a preheated oven, and they are only a guide. Always make sure poultry is properly cooked before serving by making sure that there is no pink meat left, it is piping hot all the way through and until the juices run clear when the thickest part of the meat is pierced with a clean fork or skewer.