Is it teething time for your little one?
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Is safety testing for vaccines rigorous enough?

When it comes to testing vaccines, you can be sure that the testing process is more than adequate! In fact, because they’re given to healthy people on such a large scale, governments and medical bodies around the world demand that vaccines go through some of the most rigorous testing in the pharmaceutical world.
First, scientists will test the vaccine virtually, using computer models. Next, they’re tested on animals, and it’s only when they’ve passed those tests that they make it to human testing – albeit on a very small scale. Once they’ve been proven effective and not harmful on a small number of people, they will be approved for clinical trials, which will include a larger number of people, and children.

It’s only after they’ve been tested like this, including as many as 10,000 human volunteers, that vaccines are approved for manufacture, but even then the monitoring is not over. As the vaccines are distributed, any side effects and complications are monitored, and if, as in the case of a specific Rotavirus vaccine, there is a problem, the vaccine will be recalled from the market.
It’s worth speaking to your doctor if you are worried, but for the most part, vaccines are safe, and provide valuable protection against disease.

More questions

There are very specific guidelines when it comes to safely administering over the counter medications to babies, toddlers and preschoolers.
A cold bath can actually do more harm than good to a feverish child.
Many children have a mild reaction to the MMR vaccine – it’s not usually full-blown measles though, and it’s usually not serious. There are a few things to watch out for though...
Injections are necessary - the thing is to just have them and then get on with it. If needs be, have your child’s favourite toy or something else that will distract him while he has his shot.
Antibiotics do not kill viruses, such as the common cold, and by over using antibiotics, particularly when they aren’t necessary, you are weakening your child's future defences! 
In general, chewable medicines are only designed for children two years and older, who are adept at eating solid foods.
Giving any child aspirin could contribute to them getting a serious illness known as Reye’s Syndrome.
As a parent you should understand the risks associated with various different types of medication
Both ibuprofen and paracetamol are effective pain and fever treatment options for babies and children.
Choosing between a vaporiser and a humidifier is a personal choice but both help to make children feel better



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