Children of ages 5 and 6, can progress in leaps and bounds or develop skills at a steady rate. The guidelines below should be read in the context of your child’s own unique development.
Children aged 5-6 usually can:
• Count to 30 and are able to tell the number of a certain object (e.g. there are four pencils on the desk).
• Group objects into sets and learn to count in ones to uncover the size of each set.
• Use subtraction by removing items from a group of objects.
• Use ordinal numbers and determine which object comes first, second, last and second last in a race.
• Model multiplication and division by using objects to form equal groups as well as dividing amounts evenly.
• Recognise different coins and notes and understand their value
• Increasingly use mathematical language and link their mathematical ideas together.
• Count backwards from ten.
• Children from the age of six can recognise numbers from 1 to 100.
• Children aged six should be able to count up as far as 100 in groups of 10s, 10, 20, 30, 40 etc.
• Six year olds may be able to count by tens up as far as 100. (10, 20, 30 etc).
• They will be able to use comparative language such as “less than” to describe groups of objects.
• They will now be able to understand which numbers have a lesser value. For instance, 'which number is less, 8 or 4?' Children of this age are now able to understand the concept of numbers less than ten. For example students can identify 'which is less 9 or 3?'